Declaration of Seed Freedom

Declaration on Seed Freedom
by Dr. Vandana Shiva

Seed is the source of life, it is the self urge
of life to express itself, to renew itself, to
multiply, to evolve in perpetuity in freedom.
Seed is the embodiment of bio cultural
diversity. It contains millions of years of
biological and cultural evolution of the past,
and the potential of millennia of a future

Seed Freedom is the birth right of every
form of life and is the basis for the
protection of biodiversity.

Seed Freedom is the birth right of every
farmer and food producer. Farmers rights
to save, exchange, evolve, breed, sell seed
is at the heart of Seed Freedom. When this
freedom is taken away farmers get trapped
in debt and in extreme cases commit suicide.

Seed Freedom is the basis of Food
Freedom, since seed is the first link in the
food chain.

Seed Freedom is threatened by patents
on seed, which create seed monopolies
and make it illegal for farmers to save and
exchange seed. Patents on seed are ethically
and ecologically unjustified because patents

are exclusive rights granted for an invention.

Seed is not an invention. Life is not an

Seed Freedom of diverse cultures is
threatened by Biopiracy and the patenting
of indigenous knowledge and biodiversity.
Biopiracy is not innovation – it is theft.

Seed Freedom is threatened by
genetically engineered seeds, which
are contaminating our farms, thus closing
the option for GMO-free food for all.

Seed Freedom of farmers is threatened when after

contaminating our crops, corporations sue
farmer for “stealing their property”.

Seed Freedom is threatened by the
deliberate transformation of the seed
from a renewable self generative resource to
a non renewable patented commodity. The
most extreme case of non renewable seed
is the “Terminator Technology” developed
with aim to create sterile seed.

We commit ourselves to defending seed
freedom as the freedom of diverse
species to evolve; as the freedom of human
communities to reclaim open source seed as
a commons.

To this end, we will save seed, we will create community seed banks and seed
libraries, we will not recognize any law that illegitimately makes seed the private
property of corporations. and we will stop the patents on seed.


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