EU Seed Law



The European Commision is currently drawing up a new law to regulate the sale of all seeds, plants and plant material.   The latest draft of the law is even more restrictive than the regulations that we have at the moment.

Every single variety of vegetable will have to be registered on an EU list, otherwise it will be illegal to sell it.   To be registered on the list, seed varieties have to pass a series of tests demonstrating what is called DUS ‘Distinctiveness, Uniformity and Stability’.  It costs nearly £3000 to test & register just one single variety of seed for sale.

Although we have had a system like this for many years, there have been much simpler and cheaper options for what are considered ‘amateur varieties’ for home gardeners, and the rules have never been strictly enforced in the UK.

The EU wants to get rid of these simpler and cheaper rules for ‘amateur’ seed, and make sure that every country enforces the rules 100%.

Although they say there will be exceptions, in current drafts of the law these are very, very limited.

WHY ARE THESE NEW LAWS A BAD THING?The effect of this new legislation will be to massively limit the choice of vegetable varieties available to home gardeners.This is because if you are selling seed to farmers, you can expect to sell hundreds of tonnes of seed every year, so it is worth the cost of registering the variety.  But if you are selling to gardeners, even the biggest seed companies will be selling a few kilos of seed at most, sometimes just a few hundred grammes of more unusual varieties.   It just doesn’t work if they have to pay thousands of pounds to register that variety! So only seed designed for farmers will get registered and be legally sellable.

Unfortunately, varieties suitable for farmers often aren’t appropriate for home gardeners and allotment growers.  For example: farmers usually want all of their produce to come ready at the same time, so that they can harvest and sell a whole fields worth.  Home gardeners usually want their crops to mature over a longer period – we don’t want to eat all our vegetables on one day!

Another example:  farmers generally don’t want to grow climbing peas, as they need supports and can’t be harvested mechanically.  Lots of home gardeners prefer tall pea varieties, as they are more productive in a small space.   There are hundreds of examples like this – the needs of gardeners and farmers are very different.

The problem is very simple: If these new laws are passed, there will be fewer and fewer varieties developed for gardeners and small growers.  Everybody will have to grow varieties that have been designed for commercial large-scale farming, whether they like it or not.


We’ve discussed this at length with DEFRA. They have confirmed that the European Commission is trying its best to make sure that all seed is covered by their legislation.   There are a few exceptions to the new laws, but these are very, very limited.

And the exceptions will only apply to non-commercial operations selling locally – for example individuals people selling a few packets of a local variety on a market stall.  So seed companies – who are the only people with the experience and skills to develop what home growers need – will be very restricted in what they can offer to gardeners. 

Remember, even the big seed companies often only sell a few hundred packets of their more unusual and specialist varieties – and these simply are not economical to test and register, especially if there is an annual fee of several hundred pounds to keep them on the register!


Earlier in 2013, as the first draft of the law was being made, hundreds of thousands of people emailed and wrote to their MEPs and the EU, pushing for changes to this new law. The initial draft of the law was so badly drafted that it even outlawed seed swaps between individuals with no money taking place! The EU did concede some last minute changes which looked workable. BUT, they are now watering down nearly all of these concessions, or making them so restrictive as to be useless, as the law progresses through the system.

The fact that they made changes to start with shows that pressure can work! We must fight for major improvements to the law as it goes through the EU, and then is translated into UK laws.

So, if you think that this law is a bad idea, there are two things that you can do, right now!


They are: Sergio Silvestris, George Lyon, and Julie Girling

PLEASE DO WRITE! It has a huge effect if you write, and don’t be shy about it,
they don’t expect a masterpiece and are quite used to getting random informal letters from normal people.
You can find their contact details and a suggested draft letter here

The deadline for amendments is December the 4th, 2013, so if you can, write soon!

Tell them that:

  • You are worried by the new EU Seed Law
  • You think gardeners should be able to choose any vegetables they wish to grow in their own gardens, rather than just from a list of ‘EU-approved’ varieties.
  • You want to be able to buy seed suitable for gardeners, not seed for big scale agriculture, which is not the same.
  • The new EU Seed Law should ONLY cover seed sold to farmers.
  • The new EU Seed Law should NOT cover seed sold in small packets for home gardeners and allotment growers.

Ask them:

  • to change the draft law so that Home Garden seed and plants are not covered by it.


It just happens that the UK government have started a consultation asking people what things should be covered by EU laws, and what should be decided at national level, as there is concern that EU legislation may be interfering too much with some parts of our way of life.

The consultation about agriculture is happening now.   We are asking as many people as possible to  respond, and say that garden plants and garden seeds should NOT be covered by EU regulation, but instead controlled by UK laws.  You can find details of how to fill in the consultation here.

Please do this! DEFRA – who regulate seeds in the UK – understand the problem completely,
and have very sensible views on how the home garden seed industry should be regulated.
If the law is brought back in to UK control, they will be given the task of drawing up sensible new UK laws & the problem will be sorted.


We will post occasional updates on our Facebook Page as we get more information.


The law itself is linked below if you want to wade through it. But before you start, a very important warning:

You cannot just read the first 5 pages or so that are an ‘executive summary’, and think you know what this law is about. The executive summary is NOT what will become the law. It is the actual Articles themselves that become law, the Summary has no legal standing and is just tacked on as an aid to the public and legislators, it is supposed to give background information and set the proposed legislation in context so people know what is going on and why.

The problem with this law has always been that the Summary says lots of nice fluffy things about preserving biodiversity, simplifying legislation, making things easier etc etc – things we all would love – but the Articles of the law don’t really have the promised effects. And the Summary is not what becomes the law.

So, be warned. By all means, read it yourself. But you have to pretty much ignore the Summary as that is not the Law, and does not reflect what is in the Law. The actual meat of it starts around about Page 25. Some of the more important articles are 2, 3, 14, and 36 but you do need to read all the rest as well to see how they fit together.

Official version of the Law as of May 6th 2013 is Here

Draft report from 28th October 2013 with proposed changes, removing and limiting the concessions is here


  • “Proposal for a Plant Reproductive Material Law” was released on May 6th 2013
  • Law drafted by DG SANCO (consumer affairs), apparently some debate by DG AGRI & ENVI (agriculture & environment)
  • Executive Summary of Law does not truly reflect stricter reality of the actual articles in the law
  • Law as currently proposed will effectively kill off professional development of home-garden seeds in the EU
  • Huge public opposition: over 270,000 signatures to the Arche Noah petition
  • Media contact: Ben Gabel, The Real Seed Catalogue:

The Real Seed Catalogue ( ) is a well-known DEFRA-registered seed supplier, based in Wales, that specialises in breeding and supplying vegetable seed specially suited to the needs of home gardeners. As a not-for-profit company dedicated to the needs of home gardeners, it is also one of the UK’s premier seed-saving organisations, educating the public about seed saving and how to preserve their own heritage varieties of vegetables at home.

4 thoughts on “EU Seed Law

  1. Please sign the petition to save the Ethiopian National Seed Bank at:

    The Ethiopian National Seed Bank is a wonderful initiative – the oldest and largest in Sub-Saharan Africa and a model for partnership working with rural communities and small farmers. But it’s under threat from the G8 New Alliance and their moves for monetising seed production:

    Please support small farmers, communities and genetic diversity by signing. Thank you.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s